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Poor State of Veterinary Care in Haryana

Poor State of Veterinary Care in Haryana, naya haryana, नया हरियाणा

21st September 2014

Naya Haryana
Haryana is a state that has been mired in scams and that brings suspicion to many actions or inactions of the state. One such area that requires closer scrutiny is theveterinary careand development in Haryana.

A large segment of the population lives primarily on livestock or supplements their existing income through agriculture. The primary source of income from livestock comes from milk production and Haryana has developed quite a reputation for high yielding cattle. In fact, Haryana has now built an international reputation on the back of the Murrahbuffalo whichgives milk yields from12-23 litersper day.

Haryana has emerged as a majorcentrefor breeding and supply of cows and buffalos to various states in India. Haryanas percentage share of Indias total milk production is around5%.

The problem is that despite Haryanas very obvious good work in research and development in cattle breeding and development, Haryanas share in milk production has remained more or less the same as a percentage share of Indias milk production.

If we see the milk production for FY04-05, Haryana produced5.2 million tonsvsIndias92.5 million tons. In FY12-13, Haryana produced7.0 million tonsvsIndias132 million tons. The national rate of increase in milk production is more than Haryanasforthe same period. In fact, Haryanas share has actually come down!

Which means that while Haryana claims the mantle of being the leader in cattle development, its share of milk production should have increased as a percentage of Indias total production but this hasnt happened.

The statistics releasedintheDepartment of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of Haryana, shows several erratic trends that only raises further questions.

Lets see some of them.

Artificial insemination conductedonBuffalo

Between the period FY06-07 to FY10-11, the number of artificial inseminations carried out steadily increasedeach year i.e.13.06lakh to15.78lakh. But the very next year in FY11-12, the number strangely drops to9.68lakh.

So can the Hoodaadministration pleaseexplain how and why did the insemination numbers drop so suddenly? Especially, since the buffalo is the mainstay for milk production in the state?

Even strangerarethe figures shown for the very next year i.e. FY 12-13. The number ofinseminationincreased to 21.14lakh! So how does the government inseminate15.78lakhbuffaloes in FY10-11, then drop to9.68lakhthe next year and then shoot up to21.14lakhthe next year! How did this happen?

Mr Chief Minister, there is a lot of explaining to do here.

Now read the above in the context of a scam that was reported in April 2012. InSundana villageof Rohtak District, there was a major outbreak of disease and several cattle died as a result. The villagers blamed the state veterinary department for their laxity in implementing the cattle immunization program which could have prevented the disease outbreak.

The official response was the usual denial and a statement was issued claiming that the immunization program was fully and successfully implemented and that4,600animals had been vaccinated.

However, as per their own cattle census data, Sundana village had a total animal count of only3,200!So where did the money for the excess cattle shown, go? Once the department was exposed, the Animal Husbandry Director General, KSDangiwas forced to admit that were lapses in the vaccination program.

Now if you see the statistics mentioned above, you see a very suspicious trend thatrequirea lot of questions to be answered. Whatmakethe matter worse is that the poor animals, who cant speak for themselves on the inhuman treatment meted out to them, have to continue to suffer total negligence, at the hands of humans, for whom the only driving point is greed for profit. Even if its at the cost of these helpless creatures that provide us a livelihood and protect our health.

Drop in animal husbandry care campsorganised

The state governments care for its livestock is revealed by the number of camps it has organized in the state. If the milk production has been rising in the state since FY05-06, then it would be safe to assume that the cattle numbers have also riseninthat period. In which case the number of camps should also keep pace with the added growth. But this governments approach tells a different story.

In FY06-07,6,901camps wereorganisedin the state. The very next year in FY07-08, the number of camps drops5,479. Then again in FY08-09 it drops even further to5,243!What happened? Why was there a drop in camps in three years? Was it because the animals became healthier or was it lack of priority, especially since the animal count was rising each year?

Then suddenly, the government wakes up and the next year i.e. FY09-10, the government goes out andorganises9,762camps! Where did the funds suddenly come from and why the sudden spike in camps? And whatever the reason given, how do you explain the steady drop in camps organized in the next three years i.e. FY10-11 (8,497camps), FY11-12 (7,870camps) and FY12-13 (7,097camps)?

Why has the number of camps been reduced when the camps should actually be rising in keeping with the rise in cattle numbers? Either the state government doesnt care for the animals or it is diverting the funds elsewhere, instead of investing it on the livestock.

Numberof vaccinations done

Just as in humans, the lifespan and health of an animaldependson the vaccination program, both for regularity, as well as quality. So lets see how the Hooda administration has been going about implementing vaccinations of animals.

In FY07-08, the number of vaccinations done was174.86lakh. Thereafter, the next two years saw a consistent decline in vaccinations, FY08-09 (169.21lakh), and FY09-10 (139.31lakh). So can someone explain how and why did the number of vaccinations done, drop between FY08 and FY10?

How does the state expect to improve the health of its cattle and increase its milk production, if the number of vaccinations done keep reducing, when they should be rising and significantly so?

State government failure

No wonder the states share of national milk production has come downsinceFY04-05. Is this how the state plans to continue to claim the mantle of developing the highest yielding cattle in the country? Why has the Hooda administration adopted such a lackadaisical attitude towards veterinary care when a large section of its citizens dependon cattle to supplement their livelihood? Do the people realize and see through this indifferent attitude to a crucial sector of the economy?

The Hooda administration has had 10 years to improve the health and numbers of its livestock as also significantly improve the income of its people, but sadly that has not happened. Its time for the people to bring in a change, one that will help them improve their own and their cattles lives. Its time for aNaya Haryana.

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