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How Does Haryana Compare with Gujarat

3rd September 2014

Naya Haryana
Congress-led UPA must be ruing the day they called Narendra Modi a Chaiwala, for this Chaiwala is today Indias Prime Minister, voted in by winning a massive peoples mandate. In the run-up to the election, Modi bashing was the favourite pastime of the Congress, who tried to push our very own Hoodaji against the Chaiwala from Gujarat to showcase how Haryana was ahead of Gujarat in development. Well the truth is that on a head-to-head comparison Gujarat is ahead of Haryana in almost all parameters of comparison. One needs to simply drive through any city, town or village of Gujarat and experience the ride and then do the same in Haryana. The moment you leave the Highway (which is built by NHAI and not the state government) you can experience the harsh reality of Haryana, i.e. roads with potholes. You dont have to be a driving expert to know that Gujarat is way ahead on the extent of roads and in quality of roads. Sorry Hoodaji, you lose. So lets take a look at some Planning Commission statistics and use the same to make a factual comparison between the two states. All data used here is from the Planning Commission reports. The Haryana Chief Minister has been claiming that the Haryana model of development should be extended to other states but the facts between Haryana and Gujarat reveal a different story. The GDP Growth rate comparison Take the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In 2011-12 period, Haryana grew at a rate of7.41%while Gujarat grew at 10.01%. In 2012-13, Haryana grew at6.52%while Gujarat grew at7.96%. Through the recession years, Gujarat was consistently outperforming Haryana. Sorry Hoodaji. Sector wise growth rate comparison Agriculture With great pride, Haryana government keeps stating about tremendous growth in agricultural production, so lets see what the facts on Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) tell us. Between 2005-06 to 2013-14 period, the Agriculture and allied sector growth rate was3.68%for Haryana, while Gujarat grew at5.36%! So, as you can see, the Chaiwalas state outperformed Haryana in the agriculture sector, as well, which is supposed to be Haryanas strength. Industry So lets look at the Industry sector. During 2005-06 to 2013-14, Haryana grew at6.25%, while Gujarat grew at 9.58%! Sorry Haryana, all the tall claims of industry rushing into Haryana, fall flat. Gujarat drew more industry to invest in that state than Haryana. Manufacturing The Hooda administration has publicised its growth model by showcasing the number of manufacturing companies that have set up factories here, but the facts tell another story when we compare with Gujarat. From 2005-06 to 2013-14, the manufacturing sector in Haryana grew at6.5%, while Gujarat was racing ahead at9.57%! Sector wise comparison by turnover Agriculture and Allied services In 2012-13 period, Haryana delivered a turnover ofRs 29,378crore, while Gujarat produced a turnover ofRs 47,594crore. Gujarat beat Haryana by61.98%. So much for the agrarian state! Industry In 2012-13, Industry sector showed a turnover ofRs 52,087crore for Haryana, while Gujarat deliveredRs 1,67,326 crore. Thats more than three times the Haryana turnover! Mining & Quarrying For the same period, Haryanas turnover in Mining wasRs 65crore, while Gujarat producedRs 6,918crore. No contest. Manufacturing Haryana as a rapidly emerging manufacturing base had a turnover ofRs 34,613crore in 2012-13, while the Chailwalas state deliveredRs 112,881crore. Thats more than three times! And still Hoodaji says Gujarats development model is a failure and all states should follow Haryanas development model! Services The same story extends to the services sector. For the same period, Haryana had a turnover ofRs 1,06,568crore, while Gujarat as usual remained well ahead with a turnover ofRs 2,12,301crore. Again double of what Haryana did. Human Development image-3 Now lets turn our attention to Human development and see how the two states compare. Lets look at the infrastructure for higher education in both the states. After all, its the number and quality of educated persons in a state that make the difference between a mediocre state and a progressive one. The period of comparison is 2010-12. The number of colleges for general education in Haryana stood at179, while Gujarat had593. The number of colleges for professional education in Haryana stood at520, while Gujarat had694. The number of colleges for research in Haryana was50, while Gujarat had569. Gujarat is better prepared for the future. The number of universities in Haryana was22, while Gujarat had37. The number of polytechnics in Haryana was32, while Gujarat had104. The number of persons with higher education in Gujarat is significantly more than Haryana, so how does Haryana plan to out beat Gujarat? Gujarat has invested much more on human development and is therefore better placed to grow in future. Here again, Hoodaji you lose. Healthcare The number of hospitals, clinics and public health centres are far more in Gujarat than Haryana. Its not about numbers alone but the quality of staff. Here again, Haryana, its a no contest. Let alone a number comparison, the hospitals in Haryana barely function on account of poor electricity supply that is plaguing the state. Compare the24 hourpower supply in all cities, towns and villages of Gujarat. Infant mortality 313 If we take just one parameter, say Infant Mortality and make a comparative study, we see that for once Haryana is ahead of Gujarat(and its a matter of shame). In 2010, the infant mortality rate in Haryana was48, while in Gujarat, it was44. In 2011, it was 44 and 41 in Haryana and Gujarat, respectively.In 2012, Haryanas IMR was42, while Gujarats IMR was38. While it is nice to see that the infant mortality rates in both states have fallen consistently, one cant help but note that here again Gujarat beats Haryana. Literacy rate In Literacy rates comparison, say in 2011, Haryana stood at75.60%, while Gujarat was marginally better at78%. The same is true for female literacy rates (above 7 years), in Haryana it stood at76.64%, while Gujarat was marginally better at79.31%. image-2 Female sex ratio Haryana has been suffering due to the evil practice of female infanticide, therefore the sex ratio in Haryana is low. In 2011, the female sex ratio in Haryana was877(per 1000 males), while in Gujarat, it was918. As you can see from all the facts mentioned above, Gujarat has beaten Haryana on all counts and is way ahead in overall development. If we have to makeNaya Haryanaa reality, we will have to first start accepting the facts as they are and move on from there. The people have become tired of listening to false and tall claims of how Haryana is a success story and why other states should adopt the Haryana model of development. Sorry citizens, the facts dont lie. Thats the reason why the Chief Minister of one state has become the Prime Minister of India, while the other one is on his way out. Its now time for aNayi Sochthat will usher in aNaya Haryana.

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