The process in which a certain percentage of seats/vacancies are set aside for the members of the backward class or the under-represented communities is known as Reservation. Reservation or quota in India, is governed under certain constitutional and statutory laws. In the central government, there is a total of 49.5% reservation for the marginalised sections of the society, at present. This reserved quota includes the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes. However, the percentage of quotas or reservations in states may differ as per the castes and communities in that region.
In Haryana, there are also quotas in the government jobs and the percentage of these quotas varies in comparison to other states. The government of Haryana has set up the quotas for different categories 20% for the scheduled castes and 27% for the other backward classes. In 2012, the Haryana government introduced a quota under the name of special backward class which includes people from different categories or communities (Jats, Bishnois, Tyagis, Jat Sikhs and Rors). The total percentage of quota rose to 57% in the state after this addition. In a recent decision, the government increased the reservation for people belonging to backward, special backward and economically backward classes. There will be a change in the current percentage and now there will be 10% quota for backward classes (A) and 5% for backward classes (B). They have also decided to change the reservation of 4% to 5% for the economically backward class.
It has also been declared that permanent jobs will be given to those people who already have or will be completing ten years of service by December 31, 2018. The government has also decided to grant employment to the dependents of the policemen and a jawan who contributed their lives for the nation. The government is showing their efforts to raise the quota and offer the employment to the quota class, but the question everybody is asking is: are there sufficient people who can fit and fill the reserved seats? Another point of discussion is that is it possible to grant 67% quota in government jobs? A per the Supreme Court of India, the reservation in government jobs could not exceed 50%, whereas the Haryana it has already been raised to 67%. The government has made efforts for the reserved section of the society, but what about the unreserved categories? What efforts have been taken by the government to give job assurance to others? To curb unemployment it is essential to generate employment for all the sections of the society.
With this increase in reservation, the unreserved communities may retaliate over the government's decision. The reserved categories get benefited by competing in any position in the government department. On the other hand, the unreserved categories have chance to compete for limited seats only. Job assurance and equal opportunities are other important issues which will come in mind of the job seekers in Haryana. It is essential that the government takes corrective action, keeping in mind the benefit of all the sections of the society equally. Only setting up quotas will not help, although it is essential to generate more and more jobs. Nayi Soch is required to be adopted as the reservation in government jobs is a very sensitive issue. Naya Haryana will seek an equal opportunity path for all where employment and job security will be made available to every individual.