Rain is the most essential and important contributor for better agricultural activities. Regular rain is essential for plants and crops, but too little or too much rain can be harmful for them. Monsoon is the most awaited phenomenon for the farmers in Haryana. Agriculture in haryana being the primary occupation, the state relies on monsoons for better productivity.
The state is facing low monsoon conditions for past few years, which have affected the agricultural growth. Therefore, if it continues to be low, it will adversely affect the production of the staple food grown in the state. Now the question to ask is, what alternatives should be taken in case of low monsoon? Is the government prepared with appropriate alternatives if need arises?
Different alternatives should be taken in advance so as to handle the consequences of low monsoon conditions. Better tube well and irrigation facilities should be made available to the farmers. Improved water and power supply should also be offered to them. Water is essential for the growth of plants and crops and therefore, the government should look up for alternatives through which it can provide adequate supply of water resources to the farmers. Artificial rain and cloud seeding are some forms of weather modifications which are used to improve raining conditions. China has been using this technique for last few years, as water scarcity was a threat to its farmers. Such facilities are required to be offered to the farmers of Haryana as well, so that the agriculture production is not hampered.
Rain harvesting is the best alternative in case of low monsoon. The set up for rain harvesting should be arranged in villages and farming lands. Farmers should be educated about the use of such procedures, so that they can collect the rain water and use it later for irrigation. Rain water is free of salinity and any other salts and therefore, it is a best mode of water for agriculture.
Producing genetically modified crops (GM crops) could also help in case of low monsoon. These crops are produced by utilising genetic engineering techniques, and have many benefits to them such as improved shelf life, stress resistance, improved nutrition, herbicide resistance, pathogen resistance, etc. As these crops are generated in the laboratories, they do not need rain water and have to wait for the monsoon.
Even though many alternatives are available to the state government, still there is no headway in adoption of these options. Low monsoon can hamper the hard work of the farmers. There are areas which have abundant ground water, but farmers cannot use it due to low power supply. It is required that power and water supply should reach to all the villages, so that the crop production can be saved. Better seed supply, subsidised diesel and cheaper loans for the farmers are the need of the hour in the state. They need these facilities so as to protect their crop production. Low monsoon can harm as much as 50% of the crop production, and there is an urgent need that the government should take necessary steps and alternatives to save the crops.