Created in December 1972, Bhiwani district is home to a teeming population of about 16,34,445 people (Male:8,66,672 and Female:7,67,733) and is the third most populous district in the state of Haryana. Over 80% of the district comprises rural areas, while about 19.6% is made up of townships and is urbanised. Spread across 5,099 square kilometers area, the district encompasses 442 villages and townships such as Bawani Khera, Charkhi Dadri, Loharu, Siwani, and Tosham. Agriculture is the main industry in the district.
About 4,11,976 lakh hectares of the district are useful agricultural land. One of the major problems that ails the district is the lack of proper irrigation. Rainfall in the district is scanty. Bhiwani records an annual rainfall of about 483mm, most of which falls in the months of July and August. The southern fringes of the district display semi-desert conditions with sandy soil and highly saline groundwater. Drinking water is not easily obtained, and women from the villages often walk great distances to fetch water. The salinity of the soil is mainly caused due to the lack of a proper drainage system. Sanitation and infrastructure support towards civic living is a pressing demand in this district. In some parts of the district such as in the Charkhi Dadri block lack of proper drainage causes flooding and damage to crops. In villages such as Jaishree, Kamod, Khatiwas, Loharwara, Mirch, and Missri, farmers have been suffering for years due to flooding. A good monsoon is apt to both destroy the Kharif crop and render the land unsuitable for sowing the Rabi crop. Proper irrigation and drainage system needs to be urgently constructed all across Bhiwani.
Social inequality and sex discrimination is another major challenge faced by the district. The sex ratio of Bhiwani is 886 (females per 1000 male population). Though better than many other districts, this is far below the national average of 940. The girls of the district suffer due to lack of education. While male literacy in the district is about 85.65 %, according to the 2011 census, female literacy is only about 63.54%. A number of schemes and programmes need to be urgently developed to improve female literacy rate and education in the state. Setting up exclusive women’s schools and colleges may help in persuading families to send their girls to these educational institutions. Promoting adult literacy is also likely to improve the literacy rates among adult women of the district.
Bhiwani is often referred to as Chhota Kashi due to the presence of numerous Hindu and Jain temples in the district. The Jain temple in Ranila, the Hari-Har temple in Bhiwani, the Shyam Mandir in Dhareru, the Devsar Dhaam Durga-Mata temple, and the star-shaped Jogi Wala Mandir are very famous. Infrastructure, however, is very poor and travel to each of these places is still arduous and tiring with the availability of very few means of transport. Building up Bhiwani’s infrastructural competence will not only bring relief to the people living here, but will also be pivotal in attracting religious pilgrims from other districts/states, thereby bringing in more revenue.