One of the alarming concerns in the northern Indian state of Haryana is the rising levels of waste being accumulated in the state. If the Haryana Pollution Control Board does not take some stringent measures, soon major cities like Gurgaon, Faridabad and Manesar will be swimming in garbage scattered across the living spaces of these cities. How should Haryana indulge in an effective waste management program in all quarters of the state, so that a crucial system of disposing off the waste in an environment-friendly manner can be carried out?
Firstly, the Haryana government must effectively implement the various rules and laws that have been constitutionalised. Rules and regulations such as Grant of Authorisation under Hazardous waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989, Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1998, Plastic Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 2011 among others, must be brought under immediate execution, and the violators should be punished. It is imperative that the Haryana Pollution Control Board must identify the persons or organisations which are responsible for the improper disposal of wastes in river bodies like the Ghaggar, which make the resources unsafe for usage.
Recycling of wastes is one of the primary aspects of waste management. Proper technological advancements must be initiated to construct power plants and machinery to process wastes, so that they can be reused for other purposes. Recycling of wastes is a necessary step to avoid the garbage accumulation in the cities and towns of Haryana, through developing an effective common storage and treatment facility.
Another important aspect of aiming for a clean Haryana is in the conservation of resources. Waste management is an effective and permanent step only when excessive consumption of resources, both man-made and natural, can be avoided. The Haryana government can ensure this through expert analysis of the present situation, systematic surveillance of the resource levels and generating consent for fuel and other effluent emission.
This awareness of proper disposal of wastes can be induced in the population only through effective educational programmes and workshops, to be organised among masses across sex, caste and class. The Haryana Pollution Control Board must take it within its responsibility to alert the masses against the consequences of imbalance in waste management.
Grant of consent for waste disposal is a critical weapon that the state’s governance can utilise to effectively restrict unwarranted effluent disposal. Under the Grant of Consent Under Water Act of 1974 and Air Act of 1981, the government can selectively appropriate which units can be given permission for disposing waste. Especially in a state like Haryana, these two legislations are very vital in the issue of waste management. Every unit seeking access for disposing effluents must not be granted permission, precisely because of many nefarious activities of these units that can be carried out in the name of waste disposal.
On a final note, no effective step can be taken without a proper systemic infrastructural intervention in the questions of waste management. Beginning with a centralised web portal, the rules and regulations of waste management must be made as transparent as possible, to reach out to more number of people. The citizens of the state must be incorporated in this agenda to make the state a cleaner and more prosperous one.