In 1966, Haryana had 48 Industrial Training Centres (ITI) with a seat capacity of 7,156. By 2013, this number has now grown to 134 ITIs with a seat capacity of 55,968.
ITI was set up across India to train and skill students who had passed class X in vocational craftsmanship and technical trades like electrician, plumbing, fitters, diesel mechanic, refrigeration maintenance & repair etc. The objective was to mainly train them for employment. The scheme has been successful in training large numbers of youth but has fallen short on developing well-trained workers capable of joining today's modern factories with state-of-the-art machines. In most cases, these workers have to be provided further hands-on training by the employer, thus adding to time and cost. In addition, the students passing out do not possess good language or communication skills.
There is a high level of unemployment in the state and it must be recognised that not all individuals have an interest or aptitude to take up a regular job. There are some who wish to remain independent and be an entrepreneur.
To further encourage and support these individuals, it is proposed to introduce the VISHWAKARMA YOJNA under Naya Haryana, which will be a comprehensive mentoring program with the objective of assisting and further training all trainees passing out of ITI. It is proposed to set up Entrepreneurship Development Centres (EDC) located near existing ITIs that will provide the necessary infrastructure to aspiring entrepreneurs.
At present, young trainees passing out of ITI do not have a single window opportunity where they can get expert guidance to help them realise their entrepreneurship dreams. Lack of land and finance restricts their opportunity to develop as entrepreneurs. Besides not knowing how to go about setting up a workshop or small factory, they also lack in basic language and communication skills.
In India, it is not easy to become an entrepreneur unless one has full knowledge of the rules and regulations for setting up a small workshop or factory. The young trainees have no knowledge of banking or government programs for subsidised loans.
Under the Vishwakarma Yojna, these young aspiring entrepreneurs will be provided comprehensive guidance and hand holding that will educate and guide each individual in setting up his or her workshop or small factory.
The proposed EDCs under the Vishwakarma Yojna will go further in providing the young potential entrepreneurs with land on subsidised lease for setting up the necessary workshop or factory, based on his skills and interest. Furthermore, the EDC will provide them with subsidised electricity for motors up to 5 HP capacity to run and operate small workshops for manufacturing items like shoes, run looms and woodworking machines etc. In addition, water will be provided at subsidised rates.
Today's youth is ambitious and is willing to work hard to realise their dream. The purpose of the proposed Vishwakarma Yojna is to provide equal opportunity to the trained youth from all sections including backward classes and weaker sections of society and hand hold them to better their lives by bringing out the best of skills in them.
With the setting up of EDCs near existing ITIs, the youth passing out from ITI will have an EDC near their place of residence and can easily approach them to join the Vishwakarma Yojna.
Naya Haryana will see the rise of a new generation of entrepreneur who will further create employment opportunities for other emerging youth in the state.