The law and order situation and crime statistics of any state are the true yardsticks of its administrative success. Despite its many potential, Haryana lags behind in curbing the instances of crimes, which are often higher in urban areas.
Crimes against women have been following a growth trajectory in the state over the past decade, without any sign of effective respite. Eve-teasing and rape, domestic violence, and even dowry death cases have only been increasing in the state. In 2012, a total of 5,955 cases related to crime against women were registered in the state, up from the 5,373 cases reported in 2011. In 2012, 686 rape cases (including 118 gang rape cases) were registered (down from 733 rape reports in 2011), but other crimes against women took the tally up. Abduction of women cases went up from 634 in 2011 to 733 in 2012, harassment cases went up from 490 (2011) to 534 (2012), dowry death cases increased from 331 (2011) to 333 (2012), and dowry harassment cases increased from 2,711 (2011) to 3,148 (2012). A staggering 2,000 cases of crime against women have been reported in Haryana between 2008 and 2012. Even urban areas such as Gurgaon, Faridabad, Panipat, Karnal, and Yamunanagar have been deemed highly unsafe for women.
In 2012, Haryana was ranked top among the states going by the numbers of cyber crimes and frauds. Cyber crimes in haryana went up from 3 in 2011 to 116 in 2012. In 2012, 89 cases of frauds and cheating were registered - the highest in any state. The number of cases registered under the IT Act went up from 42 in 2011 to 66 in 2012. About 25 people were arrested by Haryana Police for cyber offenses that year.
Bringing down the crime rate in any state needs a two-pronged approach better, stricter laws, and stronger, more efficient law enforcement. Stringent yet sensitive laws to keep pace with the nature of crimes are Haryana s need of the hour. With more criminals taking to the Internet, law enforcement needs to catch up as well. The Haryana Police needs to be trained in the latest cyber laws and cyber policing methods. Women related crimes are best tackled with sensitisation drives through rural belts, schools, colleges and other organisations. Enlisting the help of women s rights NGOs and organising training and awareness camps in villages and cities alike is likely to go a long way in nipping the issue of women-related crimes. Round-the-clock manned women s helplines are effective in handling and even preventing rapes, domestic violence, and dowry harassment issues.
Our vision of progress for a Naya Haryana must definitely start with safety and security for our citizens. Women and children need special task forces to prevent crimes committed against them. With technological progress, policing needs to become more effective and shall have to encompass many more areas that have traditionally been looked into. These shall be the foundations of a growth oriented state. Only with our focus firmly on safety and security, shall we be able to attract more enterprise, tourism, and development to our state.