Till about September 1912, Sonipat district was a part of Delhi, following which it came to be included in the Rohtak district of Haryana. On 22 December 1972, Sonipat was separated from Rohtak and declared a separate district. The history of the region goes back to the days of the Mahabharata. Currently the district forms a part of the National Capital Region (NCR). According to the 2011 census, Sonipat district is home to a population of about 2,77,053 people (Male: 1,47,933 and Female: 1,29,120) and is spread across an area of 2,260 square kilometres.
The district of Sonipat has 343 villages in all and is known for its production of saltpetre. This, however, causes two major problems with the available groundwater in the district - salinity and fluoride problem. In many parts, the brackish water is not fit for consumption and the need for a steady supply of drinking water in the state is rather high. Ironically, water logging is a major concern in the district, adversely affecting the productivity of land. The problem is rather acute in areas adjoining the Yamuna and around the minor canals that crisscross the district. Kathura, Gohana, Mundlana, and Kharkhoda blocks face much water logging hampering agriculture and cultivation. The district is in urgent need of rural management and agricultural aid. Farmers need to be educated about the different crops that may be grown in swampy waterlogged lands, and aid in development of techniques to drain the land of excess water.
One of the major concerns in the district of Sonipat is the falling sex ratio. According to 2001 census, the district has an average sex ratio of about 856 females per 1000 males. This is the second lowest in the entire state Gurgaon at 854 is the only district with a sex ratio lower than Sonipat. The child sex ratio (0-6 years) is an alarming 798. The national sex ratio of India is about 940. This highlights the issues of prenatal sex determination and selective abortions or gender based feticides in the district. In the social structure of Sonipat, discrimination against women is not uncommon. This often translates into a low literacy among women (69.80% as opposed to 87.18% male literacy). Even more horrifying is feticide of girls and cases of abuse against them, such as domestic violence, dowry harassment, and rape. Massive awareness drives need to be initiated in the district to take care of the situation. The state will need to partner with women's rights NGOs and social welfare organisations to create awareness and improve the situation.
Another pressing concern that needs urgent action in the district of Sonipat is its burgeoning crime rate. In 2002, Sonipat topped the list of districts with the highest crime rate in Haryana state. About 96 murders were registered that year (81 murders in 2011). Apart from murder, other forms of crimes also continue to grow in the district. In 2012, Sonipat also topped the districts of Haryana in terms of the numbers of dowry deaths (30 dowry deaths in 2012, up from 23 in 2011). Enforcement of the stringent laws is the need of the day. The district administration needs to ensure that staunch laws are passed and policing is vigilant and firm.
As part of the NCR, Sonipat can easily achieve success and progress. It is imperative that the above concerns that plague Sonipat be fixed and quickly addressed for a progressive Naya Haryana.