A place is known by its people, and people are known by their education. In recent years, in India, education has been made more lucrative for the masses. Abolition of class 10 boards (CBSE) and introduction of grading system clearly reflect on this. Right to free and compulsory education to children is another initiative by the Central Government to educate the masses.
The question is how the states have performed in providing education to its people. The first thing is that education is not only required to make the masses capable of earning a living for themselves but also to enhance their standard of living.
Haryana has a number of colleges and polytechnics that provide higher and professional education to its population. It has the highest number of teacher training colleges in India, but this doesn't directly projects that good quality of education is being provided in the state. Although, the state has the maximum colleges for professional education, it doesn't have much quality attached to them. And, it has been argued that the professional graduates are getting frustrated because of lack of jobs in the market. On the other hand, the corporate world rues about lack of availability of skilled work force in the market. In other words, in spite of existence of educational institutes and people getting educated, there remains a mismatch between the requirements of jobs and the availability of talent in the market.
This creates a need for the government to look into this growing gap and take steps to curtail it. Opening up of more educational institutes may not be the best solution to this. What is required is the opening up of institutes that provide quality education along with imparting the practical knowledge of the things.
Some of its cities are way ahead from other regions in the state in terms of providing quality educational to its masses. With 16 national government institutes and the existence of AIIMS, IIT and IIM, Rohtak is one of the biggest education region not only in the state but also in the country. But such institutes may not be sufficient when it comes to providing education to the whole population of the state, which mostly resides in its villages. The rural population is still not under the full cover of education. The reason behind this is attributed to their lack of awareness, lack of educated background and also to their poverty.
On an overall basis, Haryana produces lesser number of literates in comparison to other states such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan. If it wants to be one among the literate states of India then it has to produce more literates per year.
In spite of the existence of various higher and professional institutes in Haryana, the goal of total literacy still seems to be far away. And, the goal should not be restricted to achieving full literacy but also to produce graduates who should be able to join the workforce as soon as they graduate from their institutes. Needless to say that there is an immediate need to give importance to quality-based education in the state.