At the very basic level the problem plaguing the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary is that every channel that previously used to flow into the lake during the rains has now been cut off by the government. The main reason for this is that in and around the sanctuary lots of flats and residential complexes have come up. This means that the sanctuary has now become an island of sorts that is surrounded by a huge concrete jungle that is threatening to grow and put its very existence in jeopardy. What the excessive construction has done is that it has been cutting off wet lands from the open areas.
The building locations have been steadily interrupting the channels and cutting them off. This is a serious problem because these channels are the only available sources when it comes to feeding the lakes with fresh and replenishing water. The greed of the powerful people has made the very future of this bird sanctuary doubtful. The rates of real estate have been bursting through the floors at this place and that has got many people interested to make the most of the situation at any cost even if that means endangering a valuable place like the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary.
This place is home to a wide variety of birds such as ducks, cranes, cormorants and storks. The way this area is being eaten up by the real estate operators could easily exhaust the natural habitat of these birds one day. This has happened before as well and there is absolutely no reason as to why it cannot happen yet again. Not only that a lot of birds such as ducks lay their eggs over here to hatch and return to their respective places of origin. However, when the young ones hatch they are unable to survive the harsh environment where even the basic amenities like water may not be forthcoming.
Such a situation would mean that these ducks as well as migratory species such as Siberian Cranes for which this sanctuary is well-known will look for other alternatives. That would also spell the demise of the sanctuary as we know it. However, one wonders if the government is worried even a wee bit about the same. At least from their actions or the absolute lack of it is hard to make out anything in this regard.
It is the responsibility of the government to protect this sanctuary. However, it has failed absolutely going by the present condition of the sanctuary. There has been no effort to preserve the ecosystem, the natural habitat of the birds and even lesser steps have been taken to control the wanton construction of houses and residential areas that are putting undue pressure on the available resources. This is causing constraints for one and all. It's high time that the government wakes up and takes some measure to at least contain the damage even if not reverse it completely.