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Capital of Haryana: Should Haryana Have a New Capital ?

Capital of Haryana: Should Haryana Have a New Capital ?, naya haryana, नया हरियाणा

9th July 2014

Naya Haryana

Chandigarh is one of the unique cities and union territory in India considering the fact that it serves as the capital of two neighboring states ' Punjab and Haryana ' much like Hyderabad will be doing for a decade now. When one thinks if Haryana should continue to have Chandigarh as the capital of Haryana and Punjab, then perhaps there would be several points of view that would come up in the ensuing discussion. Some would be in favour of the argument, while others would be opposing the same. Chandigarh is one of the city that serves as common capital in India for two states Haryana and Punjab.

A popular poll carried out on social media revealed the prevalent thoughts of people. One of the predominant thoughts among the common people in Haryana is that the state should retain Chandigarh as its capital. Some are even of the opinion that Punjab should look to set up a new capital since Chandigarh belongs to Haryana. Some individuals are also of the opinion that there is no harm in having Chandigarh as the capital of both the states. 

Considering the fact that Chandigarh forms a major part of present day popular culture of Punjab, some people have also suggested that if the city were to be taken away from them it would leave them bereft of a major cultural source. Some have also stated that since Punjab has some rather large cities of its own, it should make one of them its capital. A few of these people have also stated that instead of looking for a new capital the state government should focus on improving the educational facilities in the city, better the roads and also the health systems and arrangements on offer. Many were of the opinion that this question needs to be posed to Punjab and not Haryana.

Some are even of the opinion that such calls or talks for a new capital actually weaken the position that Haryana enjoys in Chandigarh. However, it would be a mistake to think that all Haryanvi people are unilaterally in favour of Chandigarh as Capital of Haryana (हरियाणा की राजधानी). Some think that places such as Panchkula, Hisar, Jind, Kurukshetra or Karnal should be made the Capital of Haryana. Given the lack of development in these places as compared to cities such as Gurgaon and Rohtak, such suggestions may seem out of place, but perhaps, if one of these areas was chosen as the capital, there is a chance that the state government may be forced to work for the development of the same and there could be positive after effects on the other places in the region.

A handful did comment on having alternatives such as Karnal or Jind, while the more popular option sought was Gurgaon. Given its development and standing as a part of the National Capital Region along with Delhi and Noida, Gurgaon seems to be the most obvious choice when one thinks of alternative capital for haryana. However, there have also been suggestions for setting up new cities that can be used as capital that belongs exclusively to the state. For some people who feel strongly in favour of a new capital for the haryana, it is the question of right, a matter of distinct identity that is not connected to another state. For some Rohtak is a good choice because of its central location and overall organised nature as the alternative capital of Haryana. Some are also in favour of Sampla, that is located in the vicinity of Delhi and has a national highway passing through it. It also has good transport facilities nearby like a metro station KMP bypass.

The dominant section of the population in the state, as per the survey, seems to be in favour of retaining Chandigarh as the capital of haryana and said that there was no need of any other capital city, which reflects the failure of the state government over the years to provide them a suitable alternative   one which they could think to be their own to such an extent that even the loss of Chandigarh may seem a negligible proposition.

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