Pollution is a big environmental issue in India. Haryana is not far behind to witness and experience its harmful effects. There are several sources of pollution in haryana such as industries, urban local bodies and transport.
There are different industries located in different parts of the state. Faridabad, Gurgaon and Rohtak are a few districts where major industrial activities take place. These places have recorded a rise in the PM10 level in the past few years. The industries here cause pollution and this emission adversely affects the human health and plant life. They also dump the wastes in the rivers which results in water pollution. Ghaggar River has been affected by such wastes. Recently, the National Human Rights Commission has issued a notice to the state government of Haryana over the heavy pollution in this river. The major cause of the pollution was reported to be the effluents released from the factories and the industries in the area. To control the industrial wastes, it is required that proper drains and pipe lines are constructed that can carry the waste to the Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) in the non-industrial locations.
Another source of pollution in Haryana is the improper waste management in the poultry farms. It has a cascading effect on the health of human beings and the environment and is required to be managed effectively. The animal wastes contaminate the water and air in the surrounding area and have negative effects on the health of the animals and humans. These farms should also take measures to control pollution such as constructing waste storage facilities, disposing the carcasses without damaging the environment and reusing the waste water in the green belt, etc.
Transportation is the biggest cause of pollution in the state. The number of vehicles in Haryana increase every year. As per statistics, there were 53,77,003 vehicles in the year 2010-11, while 30,87,026 in 2005-06. This data indicates that in five years the number has nearly doubled. The rise in the use of vehicles increases the pollution level in the air. To control pollution from transport, the basic measure needs to be adopted i.e., planting of more and more trees is required.
It is necessary that the pollution level is also controlled. Government should play an important role in curbing this issue. The concerned authorities should take regular inspections of the industries to check emissions. The traffic department should inspect vehicles on roads to check the pollution caused by them. Awareness among people should be created to plant more trees and control unnecessary cutting of trees. Proper waste management measures should be adopted and biodegradable waste should be put to optimum use. If each person in the state follows the saying Each one, plant one , it will not only help in controlling the pollution, but will also improve the green belt of the state. After all, Naya Haryana aims for a greener and cleaner state.