For any state to succeed on an overall basis, it has to make a progress in every sector and not just in a few sectors. Haryana is one such state in India that has a few regions that are far ahead from the other regions in terms of development. Regions such as Gurgaon, Panipat, Faridabad and Rohtak are some of those regions that have gained a tremendous lead over the other regions of the state. These regions, with their tall buildings, wide roads and a large chunk of working population, have even been portrayed as a model to emulate by others.
However, the growth enjoyed by these regions has largely been attributed to private sectors and not to government machinery. Government inadequacies have been overcome by private sectors in these regions. For instance, the booming real estate sectors in these regions operate massive generators to overcome power crisis. The lack of public transportation in these regions has been looked after by private operators who run their own buses and taxis. The quality of education being offered in these regions is again of far higher standards then that being offered anywhere else in the state.
In contrast, some of the most backward districts of India lie in Haryana. Mahendragarh, Sirsa and Mewat are the three districts that feature among the 250 most backward districts of India. The rural regions of the state not only fall short in terms of infrastructure but also in terms of availability of basic amenities coupled with the rampant allegations of corruption and dysfunctional government machinery.
Education in rural areas is largely concentrated to government schools which not only are marred by non-availability of qualified teachers, but also of the poor attendance of the teachers who are already employed.
The majority of population of Haryana still resides in its villages. These villages still lack basic amenities such as availability of adequate drainage system, concrete roads, reliable water and electricity supply, etc. These regions are also backward because of existence of rampant caste-based discrimination, female infanticide, low literacy rate and low sex ratio. These and many more aspects of under development in these regions project a wide gap of development between them and the advanced regions of the state.
Consider that, Gurgaon, which had no local government or any trace of any industrial base and was considered a wasteland earlier, now, individually, accounts for almost half of the total revenue of the state. So, the idea is, if Gurgaon can make it, why not the other regions of the state.
What is needed is to give an impetus to the rural regions of the state on an urgent basis, so that they can compete with the advanced regions and enjoy the growth experienced by them. This is also required in order to weed out poverty, malnutrition and do away with the socio-economic differences between them and the other advanced regions of the state.