As of now the state government in Haryana provides a reservation of 10% in jobs that are available in government undertakings, educational institutions and various local bodies. The recommendation for such a reservation had been made by the Haryana Backward Classes Commission. As of now the main beneficiaries of this reservation are people regarded as economically backward classes. At present if the cumulative income of a family does not exceed INR 2.50 lakh it is regarded as belonging to the category of economically backward classes. This includes earning from agricultural sources as well. It also needs to be remembered in this context that Bishnoi, Jat Sikhs, Jats, Tyagi and Ror have been classified as Special Backward Class.
These special backward classes are being provided 10% reservation in the aforementioned areas and the people regarded as Other Backward Classes are being given a reservation of 27%. Now there are several problems with this entire scenario that will only come to the fore with a careful analysis. To start with, the benefits are being handed over on the basis of someone's class, caste and surname. In a state that is looking to match with the very best in the world such a step is a backward one that projects it in a poor light.
Secondly, 10% reservation is being provided to dominant castes including the Jats and Jat Sikhs. Only 27% is being awarded to the Other Backward Classes, which is basically a pittance, if considered carefully. It is perhaps well-known that the Dalits are the most oppressed culturally, socially and economically - people in this state, as across anywhere in northern and western India. However, the government has not thought of creating a special category to safeguard their interests through greater allocation in terms of reservation. They have been classed together with the other backward classes and would need to receive just a part of the 27% allocation that comes their way.
Secondly, why is the classification being done in terms of class and caste? It would be a Herculean task to change the mindset of the common people in this state considering how integral and indispensable it is to their very existence. However, is it too hard for the government to change? To start with, it needs to make income the main category of consideration rather than caste and class. Most of the people in the rural areas of this state live in pitiful conditions and the least that the government can do for them is to give them a chance for shining by keeping some posts in government offices for them.
Furthermore, the government needs to make reservation compulsory in the public schools and, if the need be, in the private schools as well. It is just not enough to help people by providing them jobs. They need to be made capable from the very start so that they do not have to depend on government handouts such as these to shape their futures. They should be made capable of eking out their own future and only education can do that. The government needs to think for long term over here rather than think for the immediate future.