Haryana is a state of extremes. While these may gloriously be combined to form a progressive and balanced state, the government of the state has chosen to neglect many regions and focus on development in certain sections.
In 2005, the government of Haryana had declared about 77 regions in the state as industrially backward regions. These include Barara, Naraingarh in Ambala District, Badhra, and Bawani Khera in Bhiwani, Pataudi, Farukh Nagar, and Taoru in Gurgaon district and many others. Over the past decade the administration also introduced a number of schemes and allocated funds for industrial development in these. There has, however, been not much improvement in growth of industries and in the development of these regions over the past decade despite the promises.
A major reason for lack of development in the rural pockets of the state has been the poor rates of literacy and the lack of systemic support from the state government. Vote bank politics results in high focus in urban tracts such as Gurgaon City, Faridabad city, and Rohtak city, while the home industries in the villages remain neglected. Jhajjar district is known for its poor road connectivity despite high vehicular traffic in other parts of the state.
Elections come and go with empty promises and politicians of the state focus on remaining elected rather than develop infrastructure and educational facilities. Each district, each village of Haryana has its unique potential most of which remains untapped due to lack of perseverance and apathy on the part of the elected leaders. Lack of political involvement becomes a major cause for remaining underdeveloped.
Regional disparity has been extremely pronounced in many parts of the state. The district of Mewat has been one major example. Long considered to be among the most backward regions of the country, this district is also the poorest in the state. Very low literacy rates have ensured that unemployment remains a major concern. Crime has boomed over the past decade and the district has not seen much development either. Almost 75 percent of the women in the district are illiterate. Education may be the determining factor when the district comes up for elections. Mewat district has more voters than urban Gurgaon and yet its participation in the state's governance is low.
Naya Haryana, a glorious state of overall progress, can only be achieved when the state administration focuses on all around development regardless of the economic potential of the various parts of the state. Rural tracts are often denied educational and medical facilities that may uplift the area and convert them into industrial belts. The key focus of the state government has been parts of the state that are high on industrial potential. For an equitable distribution of attention and for regional neglect to be eliminated the state requires leaders willing to focus on each and every administrative block regardless of political motivation.