Haryana is one of the richest states of India. It tops the list of Indian states, going by the per capita income (INR 1.09 lakh as of 2012-13). Traditionally considered a high-income state, Haryana also clocks one of the highest PCI growth rates in India (6.9% in 2013-14). Despite much apparent cause for prosperity, growth and development, poverty in the state is rampant.
Hunger, lack of education, and a lack of access to basic amenities including healthcare and sanitation has become common in the state. In 2013, it was reported that about 12.97 lakh families in the state were living BPL (Below the Poverty Line). This includes the 3.02 lakh families from the state who have registered under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) families. Despite being one of the Indian states with the highest investment levels, regional disparity within the state still remains high. The contrast between the incomes of urban and rural tracts is very high. Land productivity, farm labour incomes, and rural standards of living also vary greatly in the various districts of the state. According to 2011-12 reports, Haryana has an urban inequality index of 0.38 - higher than the national average measured in terms of Gini coefficient.
In 2010, a Pune-based NGO Drishti Stree Adhyayan Prabodhan Kendra conducted a research into the effects of poverty in the state. The NGO reported that a great number of the young men in the state are unable to find brides because families are refusing to give their daughters hand in marriage to grooms who may be not-so-well-off. This forces the men to pay money to be able to bring home brides from states such as Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
The state administration is to blame largely for allowing such sharp contrasts and variance to exist in the state. The state government's tendency to please rich industrialists, politicians, and other influential people at the cost of the poor masses has resulted in an unequal concentration of wealth. Overall development has been ignored for the welfare of a handful of people. The schemes for development launched by the state government rarely ever reach the intended recipients. Corruption and bureaucracy in the government are rampant and the number of poor families in the state is increasing.
To eradicate inequality and disparity in economic terms, the state administration needs to step up its anti-corruption measures and cleanse the government offices of cumbersome bureaucratic processes. A number of targeted schemes must then be launched to lessen the divide between the haves and the have-nots of the state. Industrial and rural development must be across regions and not specific to certain districts.
Naya Haryana is our dream state, a state with a new vision and a new mission of overall economic growth and prosperity that benefits each individual of the state. Disparity and inequality are not acceptable anymore and it is our demand that our state be cleansed of these evils.