To understand the growth of population in Haryana and its overall impact, one has to first understand the demographics.
As per Census 2011, the population in Haryana stands at 2.54 crore, which is a growth of 19.90% over the previous Census in 2001. Out of a total of 2.54 crore, the males are 13,494,734 and females 11,856,728. The current population (2011) represents 2.09% of India's population and ranks 17th in population size.
Of these, 34.88% live in urban areas, while 65.12% live in rural Haryana. The maximum percentage growth in population has been seen in Gurgaon (73.96%), Mewat (37.93%), Faridabad (32.54%), Palwal (25.76%), and Panipat (24.60%).
Both Gurgaon and Faridabad can attribute the high percentage growth due to its close proximity to Delhi. However, further study is needed to see the reason for Mewat to record a spike in population, on whether it's on account of general population migration within the state or is it due to a significant rise in minority community, which has high presence in the area.
In terms of density, the maximum density of persons per square kilometer in Haryana, is seen in Faridabad at 2421, followed by Gurgaon at 1207, Panipat at 949, Palwal at 761, and Mewat at 726.
In terms of sex ratio, in 2011 the number of females per 1000 men was 879, as against the national average of 940 females per 1000 men. This shows that Haryana has to do much more to improve the sex ratio and this can happen with better education and awareness among the people, by taking an inclusive approach towards community participation.
Projected growth by 2021
The rate of growth in urban and rural population in Haryana, which is a part of NCR, is reason for the state administration to worry. By the time of next Census in 2021, in another 7 years, the urban population is likely to grow from the existing (2011) 47.55 lakh to 106.48 lakh (2021).
The rural population is expected to come down slightly from the existing (2011) 62.83 lakh to 61.80. The overall population growth in Haryana, which is part of NCR, is expected to grow significantly from 110.38 lakh (2011) to 168.28 lakh (2021), a massive increase of 52.45%.
Projected growth in Haryana that fall within NCR
By 2021, the areas in Haryana that fall within the NCR which will see maximum growth in population are Faridabad-Ballabhgarh region from 14.05 lakh (2011) to 25 lakh (2021), followed by Gurgaon-Manesar region from 9.02 lakh (2011) to 21 lakh (2021), and followed by Sonepat-Kundli region from 3.07 lakh (2011) to 10 lakh (2021).
Projected growth in Haryana that are outside of NCR
By 2021, cities that will see maximum growth in population are Rohtak from 3.73 lakh (2011) to 7.64 lakh (2021), followed by Panipat from 4.42 lakh (2011) to 7 lakh (2021), and followed by Palwal from 1.31 lakh (2011) to 4 lakh (2021). Rewari too is expected to grow to 4 lakh by 2021.
People want answers
So how is the state administration planning to handle this explosive growth? What are the plans for infrastructure development to cater to this additional population? Has the present Hooda administration laid out a clear roadmap to 2021? These are very pertinent questions as the current population is not being provided the basic amenities that the state is supposed to provide. So how is the Hooda government going to deal with the forthcoming situation?
People want to know as to what are the plans for building new residential units to house these additional people when we don't have adequate numbers to cater to the existing numbers? The people will need clean drinking water, an efficient and working sewage system, parks to play in, footpaths to walk on, so are these infrastructure plans in place? What about public toilets to cater to the additional population? After all, don't the people deserve the above? Has any implementation of projects started?
What about the health services that these people will require, what are the plans for upgrading/ building new healthcare facilities? People will need more beds in ICU, in surgery, in gynecology, in neo-natal care, in general wards, in almost all specialties. So where are the beds, the specialist doctors, the nurses, the physiotherapists, the lab technicians, the bio-medical engineers, the ward boys and the ambulances?
Where are the roads on which people will move on, whether in private or public transport? If public transport, where are the buses, the metros, and the railway in Haryana? Are there any plans or budget allocation for this additional influx? What about the flyovers, the railway crossings, the bus stations that these people will require to move around the state?
A large chunk of the stated numbers will comprise of children and youth, so how does the state plan to educate them? Have any areas for schools and colleges been earmarked in all districts to cater to this demand? Where are the trained teachers? What is being done to prepare the teachers to handle the demands of modern education?
After all, the population growth is already happening!
The youth are going to require sports facilities, gyms and stadiums to play, so what plans do you have for them, if at all? Since there isn't much available to keep the youth occupied in the state today, what magic is the state planning to offer to the youth in the coming seven years?
What about jobs? With a fairly high unemployment rate and a growing crime graph, how do you plan to offer a good quality of life to the youth and general population in the state? Without adequate jobs, there is a social disaster waiting to happen, so how does Haryana plan to tackle these?
Even if you do put up several more industrial units in the state (highly unlikely though), where is the electricity to run them? The existing units are starving for electricity, so where does the state propose to get the electricity from, when it can't pay the existing suppliers and who are already threatening to cut off the electric supply?
Clearly the Hooda administration has no answers to give to the people. The problems have only risen in the last 10 years of this administration, with little done to address the existing issues. Meanwhile, the population pressure has been growing consistently. 2021 will be here very soon and if we have to address the infrastructural issues that will be required by then, we have to act now.
The Hooda government hasn't done much and it's now time for a change in administration. The problems being faced by Haryana is similar to what the nation is facing with the Congress led UPA legacy. If Narendra Modi led BJP is beginning to show the way to the nation, it's time for the same to happen here. It's time for a Naya Haryana.