A great country or state is built through the joint efforts of its citizen and the government. With this as a vision, democratic governance took a step forward when participative approach was adopted. The benefits of the participative approach to governance have already been noticed in states like West Bengal and Kerala. It has also made immense strides in forest conservation efforts across the country. In Haryana as well for the past few years, there have been attempts to introduce the concept of participation and partnership with citizens and communities to improve the efficiency of governance in the state. The endeavours, although, require much work in the coming years.
Haryana has the proud position of having one of the highest per capita incomes in the country. It however lags when it comes to parity between its 21 districts. In addition, the state faces challenges related to healthcare, education, infrastructure, women's rights, and sanitation. A participative approach in administration can make a major positive impact in all the departments. According to studies, participative approach to governance or simply, participatory governance helps in achieving efficiency at the ground level. It has been found that the community becomes more responsible. It can also ensure sustainable development in this age, when due to globalization environmental degradation is unavoidable.
In the past, the governments in Haryana have made attempts at institutionalising partnership with the communities and citizens for municipal activities. Gram Panchayat, which has been in existence for the past two decades in Haryana, has not been able to make much change in bettering the lives of the people living in the villages. The need to empower them more, and make them accountable for monitoring their community is imperative for ensuring a brighter future of Haryana.
In addition to the citizens, participative approach includes partnership with private organizations and local agencies. With their help, several key areas of governance can be implemented effectively. These key areas include education, healthcare, infrastructure, tourism, and environmental conservation. Involvement of the private sector not only brings expertise to the table, but also facilitate in better governance at the micro-level.
Another significant aspect that can make participatory governance the most effective way for governing in the present times is the use of technology. E-Governance, which is the use of information technology services to achieve accountability and transparency in the system, can work towards monitoring progress of the ongoing developmental projects and enabling more future initiatives.
Hence, a bright Naya Haryana can be imagined if people, communities, private organizations, and government join their efforts and participate together in building a unified and developed state.
Image Caption: Join Hands for a Naya and Better Haryana
http://www.smsfoundation.org/pdf/IRRAD 2013 Conference Report.pdf
http://www.ulbhry.org/Instructions/The Haryana Municipal Citizens' Participation Bill, 2008.pdf
http://haryanapanchayat.com/GetPage.aspx?Isvalid=true&get=4&action=show&title=State of Panchayat&IsSecure=true