Being at the forefront of social activism, non-profit organisations (NGOs) play an important role in our society. At the grassroots level in our country, development generally takes place through the active participation in the form of development programmes being initiated and run by NGOs. Every state in India has a number of such registered organisations. Let's analyse their functioning in the state of Haryana.
There are about 600 non-profit organisations working in Haryana to solve the various core issues of the state, such as female foeticide, dowry, domestic violence, etc. The highly debatable issue with them is that they don't provide the details of the funds received by them. In one of the affidavits submitted by CBI, it was revealed that several NGOs do not submit details of receipt of grants received by them. Besides, they also don't reveal their spending to income tax authorities. This gives a wide scope to the existence of the fact that these funds are being misused in the name of development. These organisations should be made accountable to their grants, earnings and expenditures, besides disclosing their income tax returns to the public.
According to reports, it has also been noticed that the Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds are obtained in the name of development but are instead misused as there is no proper mechanism to monitor them. This scheme is all riddled with fraud and corruption, without any check on them. Moreover, these funds are invested to promote the private interests through the formation of NGOs, which again enjoy certain liberties because of the nature of work they undertake.
The state which, as per 2011 Census, has a huge literacy gap between its male (85.4%) and female (66.8%) population requires more active participation of NGOs in its education sector. In the present scenario, where education acts as a catalyst in transforming the society and, where there are various acts such as Right to Free and Compulsory Education and the Sarva Siksha Abhiyaan, etc., it becomes important that such responsibilities are shouldered by the multiple agencies including NGOs. This will help in effective and wider implementation of the programmes.
Figuring out the various regulatory issues and functionalities in the state of Haryana, the participation of non-profit organisations becomes important to bring in the much needed change to transform the society. NGOs work with the support of the people and government to effectively implement the schemes being drawn by the government. Such supports are required, but only with proper checks and balances in order to facilitate their effective functioning. The other prevalent issues in the state such as female foeticide, child labour, domestic violence, etc. can be taken care of with the active participation of meaningful non-governmental organisations.