In the past decade, Gurgaon has emerged as a major destination for information technology and outsourcing companies, and boasts of many prestigious international and national names in the IT field. A part of the National Capital Region, Gurgaon in many ways is thus responsible for the economic successes Haryana takes pride in achieving, including being one of the states with the highest per capita incomes in the country. This city, therefore, is inspirational and it is no wonder that Haryana and other states in India are trying to use the same formula to create more commercially successful cities for the country's future prosperity. But, can there be more Gurgaons?
In spite of its resounding success, Gurgaon faces a number of robust challenges related to multiple civic infrastructural issues, including power outages, lack of continued supply of potable water, and sewage dumps on the side of the roads. The Municipal Corporation, which came into existence in the city quite late only in 2008, has not been entirely successful in addressing and resolving such issues yet.
Gurgaon, therefore, is a prestigious IT hub but a city which faces multiple challenges on the infrastructural front. So, coming to the question, can there be more Gurgaons? The answer is simple, there can be more Gurgaons, but they should be without the drawbacks that the city faces. If a state wishes to build a commercially successful city that has the potential of becoming an IT hub, there should be proper action plans and future projections for its sustainability. Haryana will need to learn from Gurgaon's insufficiency and industrial growth, and must draw extensive plans for building commercially as well as cities sound in infrastructure.
Manesar, Faridabad, Sonepat, Panchkula, and Ambala can be IT hubs but the success of these areas will depend on definite action plans that are well coordinated and implemented.
In order to build such sustainable IT hubs, there are a number of things to keep in mind. For instance, while building cyber cities and IT parks, the government will need to ensure the building and maintenance of roads, power generation centers, water supply outlets and tanks, sewage treatment plants, and other infrastructural amenities. The cities will also need police stations, post offices, fair price shops and other public offices. Connectivity with existing commercial hubs is critical for success of the upcoming economic hubs: the government has already commissioned several expressways in this regard. Social infrastructure, such as schools, higher educational institutions, and medical facilities, is very significant for the working population who decide to shift to such upcoming cities. The government must ensure that they initialise proper plans in these cities, and, if required, implement projects in the form of public-private partnerships (PPP).
In conclusion, the positives and negatives of Gurgaon can act as a good reference for building a prosperous Naya Haryana.