No place or country in the world is immune from disasters. Disasters are mainly of four types natural disasters, environmental emergencies, complex emergencies and pandemic emergencies. Haryana is also prone to such disasters.
It is prone to floods, droughts, earthquakes, thunderstorms, dust storms, salinity and water logging. In the years 1977, 78, 80, 83, 88, 93, 95 and 96, floods were witnessed in the state. No major earthquake has occurred here, but tremors are commonly felt. Fire is another unforeseen occurrence which can take place any where and at any point of time. Now the question is, how the state can protect itself from these disasters? Are there enough services for fire and disaster management here?
Not all disasters can be protected by the protection materials, but risk and loss of property and life can be saved and protected. In case of such situations, loss of life and damage should be minimised and people should be removed and evacuated immediately from the prone area. It is necessary that disaster management committees are set up in all the districts and cities of the state. There are already such committees in some districts here, but are they effective enough to control and prevent the state from these catastrophes? It is required that timely and regular review of the areas allotted to these committees should be done. They should assess the vulnerability of the districts towards various disasters such as floods, earthquakes, droughts, etc. Besides working over the disaster management plans, they should also work towards educating the population of these regions. Awareness among people should be spread and they should be educated about taking the correct measures to save themselves in case of emergency. Disaster management sessions should be held at different places, for e.g., schools, colleges, organisations, housing and residential areas. Rural people need to be trained to save themselves from disasters like floods and droughts as the villages are more prone to such phenomenon.
Fire is another such disaster which puts the life of many people in danger. Generally, fire is not a natural phenomenon, but it occurs due to any man made resources. It can cause major loss to life and property. The state of Haryana has only a few fire stations. According to reports, the districts in the state lack adequate fire stations. For instance, in Panchkula, there are only six fire trucks which even lack proper equipments and staffs. Panchkula alone has around 50 multi-storey offices, around 800 factories, more than 300 schools and many high-rise residential buildings. In case a major fire breaks out in any of the populated area, the fire brigades will not be able to tackle it. This is just an example of one district, the condition is much worse in many other under developed districts. The government is required to improve the fire safety conditions in the state.
It's high time for the state government to wake up and show a serious concern on this matter. Any calamity in the state can result in major loss of life and property due to inappropriate fire and disaster management system. It is the responsibility of the government to provide a safe living zone to its people.