What we are now witnessing the world over is an era of technology and development. From the most advanced sciences such as space travel to the most mundane everyday activities innovations and breakthroughs in science and technology are making way for a newer lifestyle. Agriculture and horticulture are the two main fields where technological innovations have helped mankind in growing a greater quantity and healthier varieties of food crops, fruits, vegetables, herbs, and spices. In an agrarian society such as India, the development of newer strains of grains, fruits, and vegetables has come up over the past decade with the extensive help of the researchers from the various agricultural research institutes and universities.
Agriculture has been the mainstay of Haryana since time immemorial. The diversification of agriculture into horticultural activity is, however, a more recent development and one that has not received adequate promotion or support from the state administration. It then goes without saying that the development of hybrid fruits and vegetables has not received much impetus in Haryana, either. Support for such development is immensely available from both international and domestic institutions but the boost of the state administration is significantly absent.
Haryana is best known for producing a variety of melons, citrus fruits sweet lime, oranges, jaffa, blood red, grapefruits, mausambi, and lemons. Vegetables such as cucumbers, capsicums, and tomatoes are also exported in great numbers from the state. The district of Karnal is home to a Fruit production center, set up with the support of Israel. It is unfortunate, however, that despite the presence of land, and technical help the production of hybrid varieties is among the lowest in the country. All in all the state is responsible for the production of only about 3.2% vegetables in the entire country. Hybrids are a very small part of this produce.
With Haryana being home to one of the Asia's biggest agricultural universities, it has failed to capitalise on both the cost implications and the advantages of taste and nutrition that comes with hybrid varieties of fruits and vegetables.
Haryana has excellent potential to go on the world map as producer of exotic hybrid fruits and vegetables, fresh spices, a variety of mushrooms, and high quality dairy products. But for this to happen, the state administration needs to step out with revolutionary schemes to assist farmers in making the right choices for their farms. Apart from technical aid and funding schemes, the farmers will need a major boost by means of promotion and export.