Science and Technology (S&T) was promoted by Jawaharlal Nehru in India. The development in this sector was commenced through the establishment of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and nuclear power. There have been developments in this sector in different states, but Haryana still lags behind in this sector.
Research and development (R&D) in S&T is not yet developed in the state. Research papers and scientific publications have not grown here in the past years. Also, there is not much investment in this field from the state government. There is a need for growth in R&D. It can grow with surveys and research for several domains such as techno-economic analysis, simulation modeling and studies, etc. It can also grow here with the establishment of more colleges and institutions and by generating better employment opportunities.
There are very few educational institutions in this sector in Haryana. IIT Delhi plans to set up two campuses in the state, but how long these plans will take is unclear yet? There was a proposal by the state government to grant funds to the educational institutions of S&T to set up and increase the technical education colleges. The delay in the funds for the government and private technical institutes have affected the implementation of the initiatives to improve learning for the students and increase employability of technical graduates in this field. These institutions are not only required in the developing cities of the state, but also in other cities for the overall development.
As there is a need for more educational institutions, similarly better and equal employment opportunities are also required to be provided to the young generation. With the advent of many Information Technology (IT) organisations in Gurgaon, Faridabad and Chandigarh, the state witnessed a growth in this sector. But are these organisations enough to cater to a large mass of educated and employment seeking class? There is a need to improve the quantity and quality of such companies which can offer employment in S&T sector. The government should encourage Public Private Partnerships (PPP), so that more such places can be established here.
The state lags progressive development in this sector as compared to other major cities such as Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad. Bangalore, also known as the IT hub, has experienced immense growth in the field of S&T. With oodles of colleges in this sector and ample organisations providing job opportunities, it is far ahead than Haryana.
The state also lacks any atomic power station or an institution for space technology such as ISRO. Establishing such an institution can also be beneficial for development in S&T sector for the state. Biotechnology is another branch that needs growth here. It is beneficial for agriculture which can help the 70% population of the state which is engaged in this occupation. In the world of globalisation, it is very essential for the state to grow and prosper in this sector.