Historically, Faridabad was founded by Shaikh Farid, the treasurer of Mughal emperor Jahangir. The district of Faridabad was established on 15 August 1979. It has proximity to the national capital and also shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh and Gurgaon. It is the largest city in Haryana, and faces certain social and economic issues.
The district is popular for henna production in the agriculture sector, while in the industrial sector tractors, motorcycles, refrigerators, shoes, tyres, etc., are produced in this region. There has been a slowdown in the industrial growth of the city. There are several reasons for this, such as shortage of power and water supply, incompatible land use, and poor implementation of long-term strategic proposals. There is a need to set up more strategic proposals meant for economic growth. It is necessary that these proposals be implemented soon so that the district does not lose out on development.
Another problem which this region faces is related to the urban environment. The quality of life in the city affects the productivity of the inhabitants air, water, and greenery being the basics. There is a lack of alternate parallel corridor to the National Highway; therefore, any trip to the district crosses through the NH, which increases vehicular emission into the atmosphere and increases the air pollution there. Lack of public transportation, sanitation and drainage system is another urban environment issue which needs to be taken care of.
The booming industries in Faridabad resulted in increase in slums-clusters in the city. As per studies, in 2006, the total population living in slums was 1,47,000. With a rise in slum population, issues related to slums and urban poor also rise. These slum dwellers are not provided with basic civic amenities. An urgent action is required to be taken so as to improve the living conditions of these slum dwellers. These slums are located at some sensitive locations in the district, such as near railway land or vacant lands. Such places completely lack access to basic necessities. There is a lack of awareness about the development schemes meant for slums. Firstly, better development schemes should be framed and then awareness among slum dwellers is required to be created so that they can be benefited by such programmes.
The district has a few degree colleges, vocational training institutions, polytechnic and management colleges. There are also some private colleges also which are emerging there, but the district clearly lacks the professional, graduation and post-graduation level institutions. The students in the region rely on neighbouring cities and states for quality higher studies. There is a need to establish more educational institutes in the district so as to cater to the student population. There is also a need to improve the healthcare facilities, which can be done by setting up major hospitals equipped with latest medical facilities. Faridabad is not only a largest district in term of its size, but it has the potential to emerge as a developed district. Naya Haryana, a dream that we envision, is hopeful to see a developed and problem-free Faridabad very soon.