For a country like India, where a number of different ethnic, cultural and religious communities reside, equality and fraternity are the guiding principles of the Indian Constitution. In other words, social justice or the role of the government in providing opportunities to all the sections of society, for a peaceful and healthy co-existence, has been one of the strengths in post-independent India. The same is true for the North Indian state of Haryana which has witnessed some progress in social justice and empowerment in society. However, the question to ask is have all the sections of the society benefitted equally from these social justice schemes implemented by the government? Are more initiatives not needed to ensure greater harmony and progress, especially among the deprived sections of the society?
A look at the geographic settings and employment opportunities in Haryana gives a clear importance to the need for more social reforms for the SCs, STs and OBCs in the state. Haryana shares its boundaries with the larger states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab as well as Himachal Pradesh, from where a large number of migrant population relocate to Haryana, not only for its heightened educational and job opportunities, but also because of the prevalence of a vast agricultural economy in the state. Poor and the so-called lower communities, the SC, ST and OBC population flock in massive numbers to this state, to either permanently reside in the state, or access the vast resources here for employment. Haryana itself presented an indigenous population composition with an increasing number of people from economically-backward communities.
In such circumstances, it is not enough to merely acknowledge the so-called lower sections and communities, and implement certain welfare schemes for them. For social justice to be realised in its entirety, more reservation policies in the public and private sectors, equitable accessibility to natural and human resources, free educational opportunities, and enhanced empowerment directives must be enacted and executed in the Naya Haryana, which we envision. Moreover, circumstances must be created in the everyday living, wherein education guides men and women of the depressed sections. These backward sections of the population deserve undivided attention of the different arms of government administration.
Social justice in Naya Haryana must be one of the most successful stories of progress in human society. From granting aides to building infrastructural architecture such as centralised and transparent web portals to address these issues, the government' s significant role in contributing to this end is most crucial. Besides, the non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and different other private institutions must come together to spread awareness and education among all sections of the society. It is imperative that the residents of Haryana become more aware of issues of social justice and social empowerment, such that divisions in society between the rich and the poor, the so-called upper and lower castes cease to exist.
On a final note, it seems fit to celebrate what Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States said on the issue of social justice: In these days of difficulty, we ( ) must and shall choose the path of social justice the path of faith, the path of hope, and the path of love toward our fellow men . Welfare schemes and unbiased pro-people initiatives have been forerunners in helping citizens lead a balanced life and actively contribute to the growth in Haryana. But more needs to be done. Progress in Naya Haryana rests on the basic foundation of peace and happiness, which can only be guarded by more nuanced understandings of social justice and empowerment.