With the declining levels of power resources in the country, energy conservation is the duty of every citizen in India. In the Naya Haryana that we envision, energy generation must be of foremost importance in ensuring a successful future for every citizen of the state. Let us ask, why is the correct consumption of energy resources so crucial, especially in a state like Haryana?
Haryana is a forerunner in capitalist economy not only for the state, but for the whole country. The escalating presence of more and more industrial entrepreneurship ventures and factories in Haryana is symbolic of the state's contribution in the economic growth in India. Moreover, the agricultural sector in the state is also one of the most powerful economies across the country. A state which is so heavily dependent on both industries and agriculture for its sustenance consumes massive amounts of energy in order to operate. The concern, therefore, lies in generating more power in the state as well as in conserving energy for future consumption.
The Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited, the branch of the government which ensures the proper generation, transmission and distribution of power in the state, has implemented some reforms in the power sector. The 3X500 MW Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project in Jhajjar and the 1320MW Mahatma Gandhi Thermal Power Porject in this same district of Haryana are two examples of the government's current implemented energy projects in the state. However, these reforms have, quite unfortunately, not been accessed by all regions of the state, especially the rural villages which go without electricity for hours together.
Haryana must initiate more energy generation projects particular to the state, and not depend on the Central government for funds, which are dispersed. Naya Haryana must provide grants to include increasing number of power generation projects within the state. In fact, the existing projects in Haryana must be properly maintained further, incorporating enhanced mechanisms at installing more capacity, which will give further output. The models of power units in Hisar, Panipat and Yamunanagar need to be improvised upon and spread to all other districts in the state. The districts of Mahendragarh and Sirsa must be provided power project units as these often survive without electricity for long stretches of time.
Energy generation will be further increased if the gulf between demand and supply of energy is reduced. For instance, in the 165 MW Faridabad Thermal Power Station, the generation of energy is 383. 769 MU units, while the aux. consumption is around 17%. The generation must be increased to meet such high demands of consumption of energy. What is of utmost importance in this regard is the awareness among the people to save energy and utilise it more efficiently. In other words, proper education through workshops and awareness programmes can lead to making citizens of Haryana conscious of the limits of energy usage, which if not controlled, will greatly hamper the prospects of future generation. People must also be encouraged to utilise renewable energy resources such as solar energy instead of non-renewable energy resources like coal and oil, the latter depleting in heavy amounts.
Energy distribution in the state must be made uniform. While it is true that the industrial belt in Haryana demands more power for its operation, one must remember that agriculture also demands the heavy supply of power/energy in the regions at all times. But this cannot be done at the cost of depriving the other sectors of the state, especially in the houses which consume energy for domestic purposes. Energy distribution must be made equitable and more uniformly generative. The ray of hope in this regard are the future projects that the HPGCL has initiated, such as the 2800 MW Nuclear Power Plant in Fatehabad district, the 1500 MW Gas based project in Faridabad, the 6.5 MW Grid Interactive Solar Power Project in Yamunanagar, among others. A lot depends on if and how they are implemented and not shelved midway.
As citizens of Haryana, the common man has a massive role to play in conserving energy and making its use efficiently. In the everyday activities, the citizens can minimise the use of private transport facilities, which can save large amounts of petrol or diesel. The metro can be a convenient and easy alternative. At home, too, unnecessary wastage of water and electricity can be done away with. Use of solar-generated gas can replace the LPG cylinders while cooking. Besides the role of the government, as citizens we must also perform our duties to decrease the demand of energy in Haryana.
Energy generation in Haryana must be an inclusive, growth-oriented sector which utilises world-class technological equipment to generate more energy. Since Haryana is a landlocked state, energy from the rivers, or hydro power generation in the state, is not accessible in adequate quantities. This is a disadvantage that Haryana faces, so far as energy generation is concerned. To make up for this deficit, Haryana must continue to enlarge its vision, its policies and its implementations of energy generation and conservation. Naya Haryana will be the guiding light in this regard.