Haryana is one such state in the country that has seen a rapid development in recent years, be it in sports, infrastructure, information technology, trade or any other field. Gurgaon, Panipat, Rohtak and Faridabad are a testimony to this. No doubt, these cities have generated employment on a large scale, but have they also succeeded in trickling down its benefits to the other regions of the state?
The dream of being one of the globalised places on earth will remain a distant dream until the state generates enough jobs to absorb its entire work age group population in its workforce. Generating job opportunities should not be limited to generation of white-collar jobs only. The state should generate all kinds of jobs, including skilled, semi-skilled and non skilled ones.
India's labour force is mainly made up of seasonal and part time workers. Most of the labour force is occupied in the unorganised sector that although provide jobs, doesn't do well on several other parameters, such as entering into a job contract with the workers and providing them access to trade unions, etc. On the parameters of providing its workforce with regular jobs, Haryana doesn't enjoy any edge over other states. In fact, it doesn't feature on the list of the leading states that do so. Haryana would do well to not only generate more and more jobs but also do it in the best interest of its work force.
Providing employment opportunities to women and treating them on par with their male counterparts are part and parcel of generating employment opportunities in a growing economy. Besides, adequate measures should be taken by any government for their safety, so that they don't hesitate to take up a job. Many schemes on the lines of providing employment guarantee should be launched, where employment is provided for a minimum period of a year.
Any economic development has cascading effects, employment generation being one of them. Setting up of large, medium and small scale industries can provide employment opportunities to the needy people. Measures should be taken to push the growth in all the sectors including pharmaceuticals, fashion, electronics, entertainment and education, etc. These sectors have a huge potential to generate high job opportunities not only for people from Haryana but also from other parts of the country.
Providing opportunities for self employment will also help in curbing unemployment. Providing easy availability of micro loans, free guidance and legal support to individuals can help a large section of the society to get self employed.
Haryana should also aim for balanced growth to see more and more of its population fall into its total work force. Many of the regions such as Mahendragarh, Sirsa and Mewat are still far away from the kind of development that the other regions in the state have received. Going for balanced growth not only evenly generates job opportunities in all the sectors and regions of the state but also helps in curbing income disparity and socio-economic differences in the state.