The prosperity of a state in India is synonymous to its strength of natural resources. Coal and mineral reserves found in the Aravallis is the backbone of Haryana's economy. Over the last decade, however, this eco-fragile region of the Aravallis in Haryana has been witness to unabated mining, which the Haryana government has failed to control. The Supreme Court ban in 2002, followed by innumerable other court orders in the last few years, has not done anything to curb this menace. Let us ask, what is the role of the Haryana government in immediately stopping the illegal mining in the state?
The districts of Gurgaon and Mewat, especially the villages of Kota, Mohammadpur, Kharag Jalalpur, Sarai in Mewat are most prone to the illegal mining affairs. As per a Supreme Court ruling, these instances of heavy illegal mining not only deplete the reserves of natural resources in the region, but also seriously tamper with the environmental laws implemented by the Constitution.
The foremost role of the Haryana government in this regard is to regularise the surveillance and control of mining in the region, so that heavy illegal mining can be restrained. The Supreme Court has come down heavily on the Haryana government, alleging some years back that the government officials were consciously guarding against those corrupt persons involved in illegal mining in the Aravalli region. So fierce were the allegations that the highest court of the country warned the government that it would deploy paramilitary forces in the area, if the Haryana government did not strictly intervene in this issue. However, nothing fruitful has been initiated by the government so far.
The Haryana government must ensure that the miners chart out an Environment Management Plan or EMP, to save the ecological balance in the state, and to protect against such dangerous levels of natural reserves depletion. The conservationists have opined that the government is purposefully negligent of this issue. In order to mitigate this allegation, the Haryana government must work hand in hand with ecologists and conservationists, and make their dealings with this issue as transparent as possible.
The Forest Ministry of Haryana has a crucial role to play in guarding against these rising instances of illegal mining. A centralised system of control, along with submitting frequent reports on the impact of illegal mining on the ecology of the hills, is the primary task at hand for the Forest Ministry. At the same time, regular communications between the Forest Ministry of the Haryana government and the Supreme Court must be undertaken, as the highest court of India is on its way to legalise strict laws against illegal mining.
On a final note, the people of the region must be made aware of the ill-effects of illegal mining in the state of Haryana, as a number of wage labourers and contractual workers employed in this activity are recruited from among the local people residing in Haryana. If these people are made conscious of the negative aspects of the work they indulge in, they can be expected to protest against it in future. The natural reserves act as a very strong buffer of the economy of the Haryana government, and its balance in the state is crucial if Haryana seeks to retain its position as one of the most affluent states of India.