One of the several evil constructs of the society, gender differentiation has been successful in undermining the right to equality in the state of Haryana. The government has surely failed to destroy the roots of gender prejudice existing in the state.
The scenario of the state is far more worse that it appears, revealing the truth behind the disguising facade. As per the 2011 census, the total population of Haryana is 2,53,51,462, of which 1,34,94,734 are male, while 1,18,56,728 are female. If the education sector is to be considered, then also female literacy rate is poorer than that of males. Of the 75.55% literacy rate, the female literacy is recorded at 56.91%, while male literacy rate is 84.06%. Apart from these key indicators, there are countless non-quantifiable aspects that portray the grim condition of women in Haryana.
The need of the hour is to close the gender gap. It is important to challenge and question the cultural as well as social attitudes which foster gender inequality in the society. For any kind of development in the state, it is essential that human development goes hand in hand with gender equality.
Many years have been exhausted in just assessing the status of women; now it’s time that the government takes definite steps to improve their position. The laws, policies, schemes, etc., which are made for the welfare of women must be implemented effectively, so as to abolish the gender barriers existing here. Proper attention must be paid to enhance the financial status of women, as it will strengthen them to break the chains of subjugation. More and more campaigns and movements must be organised to increase the participation of women in the social as well as political activities. But to actually accelerate the slow pace of change in the society, it is also essential that women themselves recognise their strength and get their voice heard in the society.
One of the numerous projects for curbing this problem is the project ‘Meri Shakti Meri Beti’, which aims to improve the sex ratio in the state, especially in regions like Gurgaon and Manesar, by spreading awareness about the unfortunate effects of pre-natal sex determination. The project has been implemented in the recent past by the Centre for Social Research (CSR), an organisation for women of India with the support of the German Embassy.