Situated along the Rajasthan border, the district of Mahendragarh in Haryana is one of the 21 districts in the state. An important town and municipal committee in this district is the Mahendragarh town. The district of Mahendragarh faces a number of challenges which act as hindrances to the development of the state as a whole.
Haryana is a state with a different level of development in its different sectors. There is Gurgaon on one hand, which is a rising industrial belt not only for Haryana but for the whole nation, and there is the strong agricultural district of Bhiwani and Hisar on the other hand. Thus the economic stability in the state is varied. Mahendragarh, which is neither a strong industrial sector nor an agrarian region, is economically backward in the state. As early as 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj marked Mahendragarh as one of the two economically backward districts in Haryana, receiving regular grants from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. As part of Mahendragarh's development model, the district must be made economically stable first of all. Policies and schemes directed to an all-round development of the district, linking its importance in providing educational facilities to equally remarkable job prospects, must be ensured. Industries must be set up, and corporate houses must make their entries into the district, for more youth of the region to be economically sufficient, hence enhancing the economic foundation of the region.
Secondly, although Mahendragarh is only at a distance of 115 kilometers from Gurgaon, the transportation facility and communication network are not well developed. This often makes this region suffer a cut-off from the rest of the NCR, along with suffering an inequitable access to resources.
Another hindrance in Mahendragarh is the lack of government infrastructure for the proper administration of the district. Although the town of Mahendragarh is the administrative headquarters of the district, the administrative work is carried out in the neighbourhood of Narnaul, as Mahendragarh lacks administrative offices. Infrastructural development is a pre-requisite for any region to be self-sufficient, economically and politically. For Mahendragarh to prosper into a budding economic and political centre, global standards of infrastructural techniques must be available to ensure proper administration in the district.
It is interesting to note that as of 2011, out of the 21 districts of Haryana, Mahendragarh is the third least populous district in the state, following Panchkula and Rewari, respectively. Yet, the sex ratio in the district is alarming there are 894 females per 1000 males in Mahendragarh. This indicates to rampant instances of female infanticide and female foeticide in the district, which in turn disturbs the social balance in the region. Increased instances of crime against women such as sexual assault and violence are frequent in Mahendragrarh. For the district to flourish, crime incidences must be controlled, and more women of the district should be made to avail the public space.
Mahendragarh, as part of Naya Haryana will become one of the most important districts in the state, if the above problems are addressed, and a safer and more prosperous Mahendragarh is achieved.