The army of bachelors is growing in Haryana, as there are not enough brides for them. The skewed sex ratio is the main reason behind this major issue prevailing in the state. As per Census 2011, there are 879 females per 1000 males in Haryana and less than 14.96 lakh girls for more than 18.02 lakh boys in the age group of 0-6. Female infanticide is widely prevalent in this state and is the major reason behind this.
As per reports, in 2010, there were around 13.5% young men in the age group of 25-29 years, who were unmarried in Haryana. Unemployment and no landholdings also add to the woes of these young men who seek to experience the conjugal bliss. Unable to find a match here, these bachelors try to find and bring brides from other parts of the country. This situation has also resulted in the activities like bride trafficking in the state. These women are bought from other states with the help of brokers, who are flourishing in this business. Maximum of these women belong to extremely poor background and are brought from states like West Bengal, Kerala and Orissa, etc. Most of the time these marriages are consensual, as the girls families do not have to pay any dowry, and the groom's family gets the bride.
Do these women get their rights as wives? The horrifying truth of such cases is that these marriages do not take place in a proper way and are not even registered. Therefore, they get no legal status as wives. Sometimes, as a proof of their marriage, all they have is a photographer of the garland ceremony. Such situations result in making them more vulnerable to sexual exploitation by their husband's male relatives as well.
During the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, male voters from Bibipoor, a small village in Jind district, demanded for brides from the candidates of different political parties. They started their campaign with a slogan Bahu dilao, vote pao (Get us bride for our vote). The Avivahit Purush Sangthan (Unmarried Union) was set up by the village's panchayat head. They have demanded that the issue of gender imbalance is a very serious problem in the state and want to attract the attention of the government towards the social evil of female infanticide.
On an average, there are 50 boys who are unmarried in a village in the state. With 7000 total villages in the state, the current situation signifies that approximately 3,50,000 males in the state are living without their life partners. The main cause behind this situation is clear and known. Now, what is required is the implementation of proper measures to control this. Bringing awareness among people of the state is the need of the hour. The government claims to have launched certain schemes in this matter, but only launching such schemes will not be enough. A mass movement is required to save the girl child in Haryana. People are practically experiencing the drawbacks of female infanticide, they are required to be educated and made aware about the consequences of such practices on their future generations. Haryana has to work towards the Beti Bachao movement, and a cumulative effort by all the people of the state can prevent this social issue soon in Naya Haryana.