Brain drain is one of the major concerns that need to be addressed across the country. On the state level, the lack of adequate educational facilities and equitable employment opportunities in some regions cause them to become feeders for the progress and economic prosperity of other states. Haryana is one such feeder state. Due to the paucity of technical education institutions and employment opportunities to absorb the educated lot, engineers, doctors, and other educated youth move out to other states to find education and employment opportunities. Haryana's progress remains limited and is curbed due to such brain drain. Delhi and Mumbai, along with the IT hub, Karnataka, are the greatest gainers from such brain drain.
According to news reports from last year, Punjab government's announcement of lucrative packages and incentives for fresh industry in the state has successfully wooed the entrepreneurs of Haryana into opening up new enterprises and ventures in Punjab. A number of Haryanvi industrialists, who had initially planned on setting up industries in their home state, are now investing heavily in ventures in Punjab. This comes as a huge strain on Haryana's industries that have already been facing intense competition from industries from the adjoining states such as Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. The governments of these states have been gleaning the fruits of attracting Haryana's enterprises. Shortage of power and infrastructure, lack of industry support, non-availability of land, and other inimical factors have led a number of existing enterprises in Haryana to shut shops entirely and move to adjoining states. Over 90 pharmaceutical set ups in Haryana have had to shut down and shift to the adjoining states. Government policies need to show a drastic and dramatic change to turn the situation around. The Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and Industrial Model Townships (IMT) that have been planned for the state require a number of attractive sops, rebates on central excise, and incentives for industries and enterprises to develop and flourish.
Migration for the purpose of education is another form of brain drain that can be nipped with suitable government action. The Indian Institute of Management at Rohtak has an intake capacity of about 120-130 students. The state needs a number of institutions of this caliber to accommodate deserving students from Haryana. While all neighboring states such as Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Delhi are all endowed with IIT institutions for technical higher education, Haryana is in dire need of better engineering colleges and institutions. Education opportunities are the need of the youth, providing this will go a long way to prevent brain drain.
Apart from the development of industries and educational facilities, Haryana needs a complete change in direction. Issues such as women's security, law enforcement, and discrimination on the basis of caste, gender and religion need to be looked into urgently to make Haryana a progressive place that attracts students and skilled human resources rather than face brain drain challenges.